What is Aikido?

Aikido is a Japanese martial art. It is based on idea of non-aggression, development of personal physical but also psychical skills. It is considered as one of the youngest Japanese martial arts – being founded by O´sensei (big teacher) Morihei Ueshiba in 1920´s.

The term aikido means:

  • „ai“ harmony
  • „ki“ energy, nature
  • „do“ way of life

We could try to translate aikido as a way of life in harmony with nature, but it is more common to describe it simple as a “way of harmony”.

Aikido could be partly considered as a synthesis of traditional martial arts bujutsu (art of fight) Aiki-jutsu, Ju-jutsu, Ken-jutsu, Daito-ryu, Yagyu-ryu et al. In aikido there are practiced techniques without arms as well with techniques with sword, stick and knife.

Future of aikido seems to be promising. In the world we can find a considering number of masters with more than thirty years of expertise, there are many books in dozens of languages on the market and aikido is being applied in many different fields, such as psychology, physiotherapy and many others.

Founder of aikido

Ueshiba Morihei
O’ sensei
founder of  aikido
14.12.1883 - 26.4.1969


1883 - born 14 December in Tanabe, Wakayama prefecture

1912 – leaving to Hokkaido, meeting Sokaku Takeda there, master of Daito-ryu Aiki-Jujitsu. As future showed Takeda had the biggest influence on formation of aikido techniques.

1919 - meeting Onisaburo Deguchi main representative of Oomoto-kyo religious group that has main influence on forming the philosophical aspect of aikido

1927 – leaving to Tokyo and starting to spread the art of AIKI

1942 – art of AIKI is getting its final form and name – AIKIDO and is being registered through Dai Nippon Butoku Kai by Japanese government

1960 – receiving a medal from Japanese government - Shiju Hosho

1969 – 26 April, dying 86 years old

detailed biography in Slovak language (.pdf)